When the inside of your eye gets irritated and inflamed, this is called uveitis (pronounced you-vee-EYE-tis). It involves the middle layers of your eye, also called the uveal tract or uvea. It also includes the iris (colored part of your eye), choroid (a thin membrane that contains many blood vessels) and the ciliary body (the part of the eye that joins these together). The uvea is an important part of your eye because its many veins and arteries take blood to the parts of the eye that play a major role in your vision.
Complications of uveitis can be serious and include:
- Abnormal growth of blood vessels in the eyes that interferes with vision
- Fluid in the retina
- Vision loss
There are multiple treatments for uveitis depending on the severity of the condition. Eye drops, steroid injections, oral prednisone, immunosuppressive medications or even surgery or steroid implants are used to control the inflammation. It is vital that treatment begin right away. If an infection is to blame, antibiotics will be prescribed. If not, your eye doctor may prescribe eye drops or pills with steroids to ease swelling and drugs to relieve pain. You may be given drops that dilate your pupil to prevent eye spasms and other problems. Dark glasses can help with light sensitivity caused by the uveitis.
With treatment, uveitis may clear up in as little as 2-5 weeks although depending on the severity, it may take several months to resolve.
Early diagnosis and treatment are critical when dealing with uveitis. If you are suffering from irritated or inflamed eyes, contact Eye Institute of South Jersey, P.C. in Vineland at 856-205-1100 or website. Dr. Pernelli will evaluate your condition and treat your uveitis accordingly.