Uveitis is an inflammation of the uvea, which is made up of the iris, ciliary body and choroid. Together, these form the middle layer of the eye between the retina and the sclera (white of the eye). A healthy uvea is vital for maintaining a normal blood supply to the retina of the eye. The retina is the light-sensitive membrane that lines the back of each eye and transmits light to the optic nerve and the brain.
The cause of uveitis is often unknown, but in some cases, uveitis can be due to an infection, injury or from an autoimmune disorder. In an autoimmune disorder, the body’s immune system mistakes the tissues of the eye as foreign and potentially dangerous to the body and attacks them.
Symptoms of uveitis can affect one or both eyes. Symptoms are due to inflammation, swelling and irritation of the affected eye or eyes. Uveitis may come on suddenly with redness and pain, or it may be slow in onset with little pain or redness, but gradual blurring of vision.
Symptoms of uveitis may include:
- Blurry vision
- Deep eye pain
- Irregular pupil
- Pruritus (itching)
- Photophobia (sensitivity to light)
If not diagnosed and treated promptly, complications of uveitis can be serious. Complications can include cataracts, glaucoma and blindness.
Uveitis is an ophthalmic emergency and requires a thorough examination by an optometrist or ophthalmologist and urgent treatment to control the inflammation. Dr. Pernelli in Vineland is able to diagnose and treat uveitis and other vision problems.
If you are having symptoms of uveitis contact Eye Institute of South Jersey, P.C. at 856-205-1100 or website right away to schedule an appointment.